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The Big 5 Makes Money But Not Enough to Bail Out The S&P 500

We continue to observe the usual dispersion of results in earnings because of the COVID recession. Analog business suffer, digital business prosper. Industrial name Caterpillar (NYSE:CAT) had big declines in revenues and profits off -20% and -40% respectively as demand for its equipment fell around the world as activity shut down.

On the other hand, we had Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) putting up the best numbers in its history yet again with revenues up 16% to $35 billion and profits up 22% to $12 billion. Everybody is rushing to the cloud to build websites and generate revenue with their brick and mortar locations closed. There wasn’t a major business that didn’t grow revenues double digits at Microsoft. Azure at 60%, Salesforce (NYSE:CRM) competitor Dynamics 365 at 47%, Servers 30%, Office 365 at 25%, LinkedIn (NYSE:LNKD) at 20%. Just incredible numbers in the middle of this pandemic stoppage.

While I expect Google (NASDAQ:GOOGL), Facebook (NASDAQ:FB), Microsoft and Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN) to put up good numbers due their position as leaders in the cloud and enablers of online commerce, I think Apple’s earnings will be a disappointment. Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) just isn’t the same type of company like the other 4 with many retail locations and small cloud footprint.

First Quarter Data

First Quarter Data

Financial Performance

Financial Performance

Selected Product And Service Revenue

Selected Product And Service Revenue

The stock market seems to be falling too much in love with Big Tech earnings however. Microsoft has $12 billion in net income in the latest quarter, Google 8 billion, Facebook 5 billion, Amazon maybe makes 1 or 2 billion. Let’s pencil in Apple for $10 billion (which is very optimistic). We are talking at best $40 billion of revenue per quarter between these Big 5. Let’s call it $50 billion. At its peak SPX pulled in north of $250 billion per quarter in profits (about $35 GAAP EPS per share).

So FAAMG is responsible at best for about 20% of that with $50 billion. So let’s assume FAAMG makes the big money but the rest of the economy shuts down. S&P 5 will make $200 billion in profit (50B *4) annually vs the normal $1 trillion+. Big 5’s contribution to SPX is roughly equal to about $28 of GAAP EPS or about $7 EPS per quarter. We have the SPX market cap right now at $24 trillion valuation for potentially $28 of rock solid EPS that we know won’t get hurt badly during the COVID recession. This calculation doesn’t assume big losses at other companies that could offset Big 5 earnings, just net zero profits in the remaining companies in the S&P 500. We arrive at an insane price to earnings multiple there. We are talking 120 PE. Crazy!

S&P 500 Quarterly Earnings Chart

S&P 500 Quarterly Earnings Chart

SPX Market Cap Vs US GDP

SPX Market Cap Vs US GDP

There is a huge disconnect between the money that is floating around in the stock market and the earnings power of the Big Tech companies. There is too much love for Big Tech and too much money crowded in just a few names. This is something we have never seen before. Unfortunately, the more crowding you see in the index, the more volatile the SPX will be as it moves only on the fundamental developments of a few companies. Single stock risk becomes ever more important for the SPX index. That means its volatility will increase. Effectively, the SPX is turning into the FNGS ETF here which only invests in the Top 10 tech names (FANG+). That means VIX levels will remain very elevated going forward, certainly much higher than the levels we saw in 2019. 30 is not going to be a ceiling for the VIX in 2020. More like a floor.

Hypothetical And Historical Index Performance

Hypothetical And Historical Index Performance

VIX Index

VIX Index

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